The ability of the land to supply moisture for plant growth is reduced and the beneficial activity of micro-organisms lessened. Try to buy used items whenever possible. The soil profile is changed; the top soil is turned deep inside the dumps.
Contour ploughing[ edit ] Contour ploughing orients furrows following the contour lines of the farmed area.
Rill Erosion Rill erosion results when surface water runoff concentrates, forming small yet well-defined channels Figure 4. Cross-slope cultivation and contour farming techniques discourage the concentration of surface water runoff and limit soil movement.
Loose, dry, bare soil is the most susceptible; however, crops that produce low levels of residue e. The increase in extreme weather events predicted with climate change will magnify the existing water and wind erosion situations and create new areas of concern.
Following are the types of soil erosion caused by water Fig. Loss of biodiversity Loss of biodiversity is a decrease in the assortment of works and carnal species.
Most of the Indian soils are deficient in nutrients and organic matter. Causes of Soil Erosion: This refers to growing of two or more different crops in sequence in a field for maintaining the soil fertility.
Do not use herbicides and pesticides. This poor condition of pasture lands is due to excessive grazing. But sometimes, road and rail embankments come in the way of natural drainage channels. Texture is the principal characteristic affecting erodibility, but structure, organic matter and permeability also contribute.
Types of environmental debasement There are many different types of environmental debasement. Regions of Low and Uncertain Rainfall: Overgrazing It is when more animate beings than a piece of land can back up are allowed to crop in that country. Rather than planting crops in straight vertical rows, crops are planted following the contour of the landscape.
It results in the progressive down-slope movement of soil, causing severe soil loss on upper-slope positions and accumulation in lower-slope positions. It is practiced in western and central Himalayas Keyline design[ edit ] Keyline design is an enhancement of contour farming, where the total watershed properties are taken into account in forming the contour lines.
There are certain traditional agriculture methods which are better for the land and are more sustainable than some of the methods used by commercial husbandmans.
Reduced infiltration due to soil compaction, crusting or freezing increases the runoff. Get help on 【 What Are The Effects Of Degradation Environmental Sciences Essay 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers! The irrigation causes the water-table degree to lift conveying natural salts to the surface.
(Conservation) Act, and the Wildlife (Protection) Act, The failing. Causes of Soil Erosion: Soil erosion is also referred to as the creeping death. The causes of soil erosion are directly related to improper landuse, and are, therefore, entirely man-made.
These include the following: 1. Deforestation: Removal of vegetation cover has caused widespread erosion in Western Ghats, Uttar Pradesh and in Himachal Pradesh.
2. Some of the greatest effects of soil erosion include: Loss of topsoil: Obviously, this is the biggest effect of soil erosion. Because topsoil is so fertile, if it is removed, this can cause serious harm to farmer’s crops or the ability to effectively work their land.
Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies Sumit Chakravarty 1, S. K. Ghosh 2, soil conservation, prevention of climate change and preservation of biodiversity (Sheram, ).
Forest resources can provide long-term national economic Deforestation: Causes. Causes of Soil Erosion: Soil erosion is also referred to as the creeping death. The causes of soil erosion are directly related to improper landuse, and are, therefore, entirely man-made.
Environmental Pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment. The major types of environmental pollution are air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution, thermal pollution, and light pollution. Deforestation and hazardous gaseous emissions also leads to .Write about the conservation of soil causes and effects