InRobert E. Subsequent writers on the American Civil War looked to several factors explaining the geographic divide. The period is marked by the increased use of flat-topped platform mounds arranged around central plazas, more complex political institutions, and a subsistence strategy still grounded in the Eastern Agricultural Complex and hunting rather than on the maize plant as would happen in the succeeding Plaquemine Mississippian period.
Many depended on slaves and were accustomed to this way of life, which was hard to change. The Coles Creek culture is an indigenous development of the Lower Mississippi Valley that took place between the terminal Woodland period and the later Plaquemine culture period. Artifacts from this culture were first excavated in near Clovis, New Mexico.
Southerners did not realize how ardently the North would fight to hold the Union together. InRobert E. These states agreed to form a new federal government, the Confederate States of Americaon February 4, When the slave territory of Missouri sought statehood inCongress debated for two years before arriving upon the Missouri Compromise of They divided the archaeological record in the Americas into five phases;  see Archaeology of the Americas.
Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Economic Causes By time, economic differences also developed between the two regions.
He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
Within this area, societies participated in a high degree of exchange; most activity was conducted along the waterways that served as their major transportation routes. But the war did not bring equal rights for blacks, they still had their own war to win until those rights would be achieved.
United States presidential election, Abraham Lincoln in The election of Abraham Lincoln in November was the final trigger for secession. Western successes led to Ulysses S. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with a total of 49 percent.
The major… By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms plantations that produced commercial crops such as cotton and that relied on slaves as the main labour force.
Ford after his investigations at the Mazique Archeological Site.
But the Northern states welcomed high taxes to protect its products from cheap foreign competition. The Crittenden Compromise of was an expression of this view.
Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision. Explore the Deadliest War in American History Free History BONUS Inside! No other war in the history of the United States has sparked as much debate and conflict as the American Civil War.
For over years, the story of the Civil War has been a source of contention, confusion, and /5(8). The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S.
history. Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of blacks, war broke out in Aprilwhen secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after United. The Civil War was fought between andand was the bloodiest conflict in American history.
Pitting North against South, the Civil War had lasting repucussions that are still felt today.
This overview will provide a brief history of the Civil War. Jun 14, · Slavery and the American Civil War By Adam Overman History Professor Brett F. Woods June 14th, The American Civil War is also referred to as the war between the Northern and Southern States or the Rebellion War that began in The American Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy) starting from and ending in This war was one of the most destructive events in American history, costing more thanlives.
The American Civil War divided the United States in two—the Northern States versus the Southern States. The outcome of the four year battle () kept the United States together as one whole nation and ended slavery.An introduction to the history of the american civil war in the united states