An examination of the political forms of ancient india

Vedic kingship was the natural outcome of the conditions surrounding the Aryans. The history of art in ancient India begins with prehistoric rock paintings. Every high administrative official was ordered to make a similar quinquennial tour through the entire territory under his own jurisdiction.

Ashoka later converted to Buddhism, but did not impose his faith on his subjects. This period also saw the emergence of various heterodox sects in India. In return, he expected and received loyal obedience from his subjects in the sense of a tribute to the king.

The Indus valley civilization that flourished till BC was stretched up to kilometres, extended from the area on the upper Sutlej in contemporary Punjab to Lothal in Gujarat. There were officials who maintained the records of population, income and expenditure of government.

The political history of India, during the greater part of the period, mainly revolves round the rise and growth of the kingdom of Magadha, one of the four leading states which existed about BC.

The northwestern regions comprising Rajputana, Malwa and Punjab passed into the hands of the foreign rulers. Political forms of Ancient India The Indian sub-continent was the home of one of the earliest civilizations of man.

It aimed at the creation of more professional armies and more dependent upon the king. It is most likely that Rig Veda was composed between 1, B.

Essay: Political forms of Ancient India

The ancient Indian government had three major components in the hierarchy. Taxes collected on land, trade, and manufacture of handicrafts were the other major sources of income during this era.

No regard to morality or filial piety is ever questioned. The power of the king positioned with the higher authority of the priests. His empire was spread over the states of Punjab, Bengal, Orissa and the entire Indo-Gangetic plain, lying to the north of the Narmada River. The kingdom of Magadha, one of the 16 great Janapadas had become paramount over other kingdoms of the Ganges Valley.

For the first time, the whole of the sub-continent, leaving out the extreme south, was under imperial control.

History of India

The high quality of the pottery, along with hoards of gold and silver found at Indus Valley sites, suggest great accumulation of wealth. This has led to the conclusion that there was democratic setup of governance during Indus period.

Some of which were highly organized in their political structure and government while others were merely weakened by internal problems and division of power.

The greatest Mauryan emperor was Ashoka the Great BC whose successful campaigns culminated in the annexation of Kalinga modern Orissa. Taxation, sanitation and famine relief became the concerns of the state. There was effective military and the soldiers were well trained in the art of warfare.

Ancient India

Statecraft evolved as a new system of government following the Vedic period. In contrast, The Vedic Period failed to display higher organization due to several factors, such as, caste system, tribal republics, and incapability of expanding their territory.

The 15th century saw the advent of Sikhism. In the first case his duties may be little different from those of an elected president in many republican parliamentary regimes; in the second his role may be much the same as a dictator in an autocratic regime.

He usually used to appoint a council of ministers who used to govern different areas of the state.

Essay: Political forms of Ancient India

The Brahmanas were referred to as the receivers of gift. Under his control, trade flourished, agriculture was regulated, weights and measures were standardized. A study of the Rigveda shows that the king was no longer merely a leader of a primitive tribe, but occupied a position of per-eminence among the people.

Ancient India Government

The Aryans are said to have entered India through the fabled Khyber pass, around BC and gave rise to another civilization in Indian history, the Vedic period.

The king raja was the supreme head of the legislative, executive and judiciary branches. Dissatisfaction with Company rule led to the Indian Rebellion ofafter which the British provinces of India were directly administered by the British Crown and witnessed a period of rapid development of infrastructure, economic decline and major famines.

There existed a standing army which was again controlled by certain committees. According to him the king should make a complete tour of inspection throughout his domains every five years. The Aryans are believed to have developed the Sanskrit language and made significant inroads into the religion of the time.

The invasions of the White Huns signalled the end of this era of history, although at first, they were defeated by the Guptas. Despite a huge empire, administration was controlled and highly effective in ancient India.

Some of them transformed a number of such territories into hereditary monarchies. Some of which were highly organized in their political structure and government while others were merely weakened by internal problems and division of power.

The Gupta age was the period of peace and prosperity and witnessed an unprecedented flowering of art, literature and the sciences. In ancient India, various art forms like paintings, architecture and sculpture evolved.

The history of art in ancient India begins with prehistoric rock paintings. Ancient Indian Geography. India and its surrounding countries are so similar in culture and climatic conditions that the region is sometimes called the Indian sub-continent.

In. Vedic society: The ancient texts and transition from Rigveda to new Vedic phases. Religion in Vedic Society: Political and social preachings of Upanishads, the inception of Varna and patriarchy.

UPSC Civil Services Examination History Syllabus

Ancient Indian Political System A D V E R T I S E M E N T GA_googleFillSlot("OneStopIAS-TopBanner"); GA_googleCreateDomIframe('google_ads_div_OneStopIAS-TopBanner','OneStopIAS-TopBanner'); Political system is a social institution which deals with the governance of a.

There were many small republics also in ancient India. These republics had some elements of democracy in their administration. The king (raja) was the supreme head of the legislative, executive and judiciary branches. He was assisted in administration by a number of officials.

Aristotle of Stagira was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic, scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge and was known. Essay: Political forms of Ancient India The Indian sub-continent was the home of one of the earliest civilizations of man.

In the history of ancient India we see many forms of society ranging from urban civilization of Indus Valley to the Classical Age of Gupta Dynasty.

An examination of the political forms of ancient india
Rated 4/5 based on 77 review
Essay: Political forms of Ancient India